Open Finance

Navigating the Risks: Best Practices in Fraud Management for Online Banking

Brankas Team July 10, 2024
Navigating the Risks: Best Practices in Fraud Management for Online Banking

Online banking has made managing our finances simpler and more convenient. With just a few clicks, we can check our balances, transfer money, and pay bills. As online banking grows, so do the risks of fraud. Fraudsters are finding new ways to steal money and personal information. Strong fraud management practices are vital in keeping banks and customers safe.

What is Online Banking Fraud?

Online banking fraud refers to various deceptive practices aimed at stealing money or sensitive information from individuals and financial institutions. These fraudulent activities exploit the convenience and connectivity of online banking and pose significant risks to users.

The latest statistics on online banking fraud are disturbing. In 2022, attempted fraud transactions increased by 92%, and the amounts involved rose by 146% compared to 2021 (NICE Actimize 2023 Fraud Insights Report). Projected global losses from fraud in 2023 amounted to over $485 billion (Nasdaq Verafin 2024 Global Financial Crime Report).

Common Types of Online Banking Fraud

· Phishing- scammers send fake emails or messages that appear to be from legitimate banks, tricking users into providing personal information or login credentials.

· Social engineering- manipulates individuals into divulging confidential information through psychological tactics by posing as trusted entities.

· Account takeover- fraudsters gain unauthorized access to a person’s bank account.

· Identity theft- someone uses another person’s personal information to open new accounts, apply for loans, or conduct fraudulent transactions.

· Unauthorized transactions- make payments, withdrawals, or transfers without the account holder’s permission.

The Impact of Fraud on Banks and Customers

Online banking fraud has severe repercussions for banks and customers. Fraud can lead to significant financial losses. Customers lose their hard-earned money, and banks bear the costs of reimbursement and fraud prevention. Fraud undermines customer trust and damages the bank’s reputation. Customers may switch to competitors when they feel their funds and personal information are not secure, further harming the bank’s business.

Banks face legal and regulatory challenges in managing fraud. They must comply with stringent regulations designed to protect consumers and maintain the integrity of the financial system. Failure to do so can result in hefty fines and legal actions, adding to the financial and reputational damage.

Best Practices for Banks in Fraud Management

Banks must adopt a multi-faceted approach to combat online banking fraud effectively. These are some best practices:

1. Implement advanced authentication methods.

a. Multi-factor authentication (MFA)- requires users to provide two or more verification factors to gain access to their accounts. This could include something they know (password), something they have (smartphone), or something they are (fingerprint).

b. Biometric authentication- fingerprint scanning, facial recognition, and voice recognition add an extra layer of security.

c. Behavioral biometrics- analyze unique patterns in how users interact with their devices, such as typing speed, mouse movements, and touchscreen gestures.

2. Employ robust fraud detection systems.

a. Machine learning and AI for anomaly detection- identify unusual patterns and behaviors. These systems can learn from historical data to predict and detect fraudulent activities before they cause significant damage.

ComplyAdvantage provides banks with AI-powered fraud and AML risk detection. Its machine-learning model is trained on historical data data and can discover instances of coordinated fraud.

b. Real-time transaction monitoring- systems that analyze transactions as they occur and flag any suspicious activities immediately. This allows banks to respond quickly to potential threats and minimize losses.

SEON enables financial institutions to identify and avert possible hazards before they happen through the integration of real-time digital footprinting, device intelligence, and an adaptable AI-driven rules engine.

c. Integrating fraud detection tools with core banking systems- ensures seamless communication and data sharing. This enhances the accuracy and efficiency of fraud detection and response.

Antifraud by Cosive is an illustration of a fraud detection technology. Device fingerprint data and behavioral analytics are gathered by Antifraud and sent to an analytics tool. Someone is notified when there is an anomaly, allowing them to halt the transaction before it is completed.

3. Regularly update and patch systems.

Regular updates and patches fix security vulnerabilities that fraudsters could exploit. Banks should ensure all their software, from core banking applications to security tools, is current.

Periodic security audits help identify and address weaknesses in the bank’s systems. Vulnerability assessments provide a proactive approach to discovering and mitigating potential threats before they can be exploited.

4. Educate and empower customers.

Educating customers about common fraud tactics, such as phishing and social engineering, helps them identify and avoid scams. Banks can offer online resources, workshops, and regular updates on emerging threats.

Banks should encourage customers to use strong, unique passwords and to change them regularly. Advise customers to review their account statements frequently and report suspicious activities immediately. Establish clear and accessible communication channels to enable customers to report fraud quickly. This can include dedicated helplines, chat support, and online reporting forms.

5. Develop a comprehensive incident response plan.

Establish a dedicated fraud response team that can respond swiftly and efficiently to fraud incidents. This team should include members from various departments, such as IT, legal, and customer service.

Create detailed response protocols and communication strategies. Clear procedures outline the steps to take during a fraud incident to ensure a coordinated and effective response. Communication strategies should include notifying affected customers, regulatory bodies, and internal stakeholders.

Test and update the response plan regularly. Frequent drills and updates to the incident response plan ensure the team is prepared and the plan remains effective in the face of evolving threats.

Fraud management must continuously evolve as technology advances and fraudsters develop more sophisticated methods. Here are some emerging trends set to shape the future of online banking.

Blockchain technology

Blockchain’s decentralized nature and immutable ledger make it highly secure against fraud. Its transparency allows for better tracking of transactions and easier identification of fraudulent activities. Banks are increasingly exploring blockchain for secure transactions and improved data integrity.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)

AI and ML continue to progress. They are providing more accurate and real-time fraud detection capabilities. These technologies can analyze vast amounts of data to identify patterns and anomalies that indicate potential fraud. Predictive analytics can anticipate fraudulent activities and enable preemptive measures.

Behavioral biometrics

Behavioral biometrics will become more prevalent in fraud detection. This technology monitors user behavior, such as typing patterns and mouse movements, to create a unique user profile. Any deviation from this profile can trigger alerts, providing continuous and dynamic authentication.

Effective fraud management is essential for safeguarding banks and customers. Banks can mitigate the risks posed by fraudulent activities by adopting best practices. Brankas APIs can significantly contribute to fraud management by providing access to real-time transaction data, enabling seamless integration with fraud detection systems, and facilitating multi-factor authentication for enhanced security. With proactive measures and innovative solutions, banks can effectively navigate the risks of online banking fraud and maintain customer trust and confidence.

The Future of e-Commerce & Digital Payments in Asia
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